IMIM - Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques

Cardiovascular epidemology and genetics Roberto Elosua

The main lines of research are:

Hospitalary and population based myocardial infarction registry: the REGICOR study (Registre Gironí del COR).

Since 1978 all myocardial infarction (MI) patients who have attended the Hospital Josep Trueta in Girona have been registered. In 1988, we extended our hospitalary registry to the entire population of Girona following the MONICA methodology. This hospitalary and population register has been useful to evaluate the changes in the management, clinical characteristics, and short- and long-term prognosis from 1978 until the present time and to estimate the burden of coronary heart disease in Spain obtaining data on MI mortality, incidence and case-fatality in our population

This register has had a relevant impact on public health as it has been the source of information about the real management of MI patients in the Spanish National Health System and have provided evidence for an under use of some treatments and other secondary prevention measures (Spanish Health Ministry,Plan integral de Cardiopatía Isquémica 2004-2007; Catalan Government, Cardiovascular Health Plans. More

Cardiovascular risk factors prevalence. Cardiovascular risk functions.

Our group has carried out three independent population-based cross-sectional surveys in the province of Girona with the aim of determining the distribution and prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in our population – in 1995 (n=1748), 2000 (n=3026) and 2005 (n=6352) –. From the epidemiological point of view these survey have supported the idea of a paradox in Southern Europe characterized by a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and a low incidence of MI. More

Based on that observation we have calibrated and adapted the classical Framingham cardiovascular risk functions according to the coronary heart disease incidence and the cardiovascular risk factor prevalence in Spain. From a public health perspective, our results have been used by the Catalan and Spanish Government to elaborate and evaluate different Cardiovascular Health Plans.

Physical activity: measurement, practice and relationship with cardiovascular health.

Our group has adapted and validated an instrument to measure leisure time physical activity practice in Spanish men and women. We have determined the association between physical activity practice and some cardiovascular risk factors, such as dislipemia, lipid oxidation, and inflammatory biomarkers. Our group has also assessed the relationship between sport practice and some potential associated risks, such as atrial fibrillation incidence. More

Population Genetics.

Our aim is to contribute in the identification of common genetic variants and novel pathways underlying the risk of cardiovascular diseases to improve our knowledge about the genesis, treatment, and prevention of the leading cause of death in the industrialized world. In the last few years, our group has been working in this type of studies using a candidate gene approach. Currently we are participating in some genome-wide association studies related to cardiovascular traits. More

Contact

Coordinator:
Roberto Elosua

Tel:
93 316 07 27

Fax:
93 316 04 10

Dr. Aiguader, 88
08003 Barcelona

© Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques Legal Note | Cookie Policy | Site Index | Accessibility | Find Us | Contact