IMIM - Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques

List of substances and the corresponding minimum concentrations that can be found in control samples

Screening analysis (µg/L) Confirmation of individual analytes (µg/L)
Amphetamine group 500 Amphetamine 200
Metamphetamine 200
MDMA 200
MDA 200
MDEA 200
Other amphetamine compounds 200
Benzodiazepine group 200 Specific benzodiazepine 100
Opiate group 300 Morphine (total) 300
6-monoacetylmorphine 10
Codeine (total) 300
Methadone and metaboite 300 Methadone 250
EDDP 250
Propoxyphene and metabolite 300 Propoxyphene or metabolite 300
Buprenorphine and metabolite 5 Buprenorphine or metabolite 5
Cocaine group 300 Benzoylecgonine 150
Cannabinoid group 50 11-nor-9-COOH-D9-THC 15
LSD group 1 LSD or metabolite 1
Barbiturate group 200 Specific barbiturate 150

 Abbreviations

  • MDMA= 3,4-methylendioxymethamphetamine
  • MDA= 3,4-methylendioxyamphetamine
  • MDEA= 3,4-methylendioxyethylamphetamine 11-nor-9-COOH-Δ9-THC= 11-nor-9-carboxi-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol
  • EDDP= 2-ethylen-1,5-dimethyl-3,3-diphenylpirrolidine
  • LSD= Lysergic acid diethylamide Footnotes that refer to PCQ

List of substances

a. Recommendation from the Group of European Experts (Revista de Toxicologia, 1997, 14:19).

b. Identification of specific substances might be needed for an accurate interpretation of results. Therefore, PCQ includes the analysis of the following substances routinely:

  • 6-monoacethylmorphine, codeine, morphine-3-glucuronide, codeine-6-glucuronide (the minimal concentration for these 4 substances is 200 µg/l) and compounds related to opiates
  • ecgonine methyl ester for cocaine (the minimal concentration is 200 µg/l).

c. Free + combined = total morphine (this concentration can only be obtain after the hydrolysis of the sample).

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